The upanishads: the “distilled” essence of hinduism they can be thought of as portions of the vedas, but are also separate texts in their own right they form the basis of what is known as ‘vedanta’, meaning ‘the end of the vedas’, implying that the upanishads can be thought of as the essence of the vedas an examination of.
The chandogya upanishad is the upanishad that belongs to the followers of the sama veda it is actually the last eight chapters of the ten-chapter chandogya brahmana , and it emphasizes the importance of chanting the sacred aum and recommends a religious life, which constitutes sacrifice, austerity, charity, and the study of the vedas, while living in the house of a guru. The upanishads are a collection of over 200 texts written between 800 and 500 bce, but originally the ideas in the upanishads were passed down through the spoken word these sanskrit teachings break away from the vedic religion that came before them that puts an emphasis on ritual and ceremony.
The upanishads are the sruti prasthana, the revealed texts (sruti - that which is heard) the bhagavadgita is the smriti prasthana, composed by sages based on their understanding of the vedas (smriti - that which is remembered) the brahma sutra is the nyaya prasthana, the logical text that sets forth the philosophy systematically (nyaya - logic/order) no study of vedanta is considered complete without a close examination of the prasthanatrayi. The upanishads are a great body of hindu philosophical texts that are part of what we call the vedas and were birthed at least 2,800 years ago they’re a seemingly vast collection of spiritual offerings with around 200 of them at our hands for the taking – or at our eyes for the reading, rather.
The upanishads, translated and commentated, vol 1 is an insightful addition to your spiritual library excerpt so far as was consistent with a faithful rendering of the sanskrit text, the swami throughout his translation has sought to eliminate all that might seem obscure and confusing to the modern mind. Imagine on an exam you are asked to express the important ideas of the upanishads in only two sentences what would you write or your two sentences h0w do these sentences capture what is most important in the upanishads.
Upanishad: upanishad, one of four genres of texts that together constitute each of the vedas, the sacred scriptures of most hindu traditions each of the four vedas—the rigveda, yajurveda, samaveda, and atharvaveda—consists of a samhita (a “collection” of hymns or sacred formulas) a liturgical prose.