Napoleon's russian campaign of 1812 was one of the greatest disasters in military history napoleon invaded russia at the head of an army of over 600,000 men but by the start of 1813 only 93,000 of them were still alive and with the army.
The beginning of the end of the napoleonic age this is a work of military analysis written by a well known historian of his time burton had a fascination for both the spectacular magnitude of the russian invasion and the magnificent hubris of the man who conceived and drove it onwards to destruction. Napoleon's invasion of russia is better known in russia as the patriotic war of 1812 (russian отечественная война 1812 года, otechestvennaya vojna 1812 goda) it should not be confused with the great patriotic war ( великая отечественная война , velikaya otechestvennaya voyna ), a term for adolf hitler 's invasion of russia during the second world war.
One of napoleon’s marshals had sided with russia one of the reasons for the invasion was an unlikely chain of events in sweden there, political turmoil had led to bernadotte, formerly one of napoleon’s marshals, being made crown prince. Perhaps, most significantly in preparation for this work, burton traversed the route of the french grand army in its march to moscow so that he could appreciate its challenges at first hand this is a valuable evaluation of a famous napoleonic campaign. German historiography may count the war of the second coalition (1798/9–1801/2), during which napoleon seized power, as the erster napoleonischer krieg (first napoleonic war)  in dutch historiography, it is common to refer to the seven major wars between 1792 and 1815 as the coalition wars ( coalitieoorlogen ), referring to the first two as the french revolution wars ( franse revolutieoorlogen .
Napoleon had reasons for going to war with russia within the logic of his strategy for domination of europe, the campaign became all but inevitable no russian marriage peace between russia and france had its advantages it allowed the two great states to carve up much of europe between them and focus on other opponents. The second polish war will be as glorious for our arms as the first, and the following peace will put an end to russia’s meddling in european affairs early in the campaign foraging in the grand duchy of warsaw.
Napoleon, who considered russia a natural ally since it had no territorial conflicts with france, soon moved to teach alexander a lesson in 1812 the french emperor raised a massive army of troops from all over europe, the first of which entered russia on june 24.
Napoleonic wars, series of wars between napoleonic france and shifting alliances of other european powers that produced a brief french hegemony over most of europe along with the french revolutionary wars , the napoleonic wars comprise a 23-year period of recurrent conflict that concluded only with the battle of waterloo and napoleon’s second abdication on june 22, 1815.